The sonnet (sonneto, "little song,") is a 12-15 line poem of set structure.  Over the course of the thirteenth and fourteenth century, the form gained popularity and recognition in Italy.  By the sixteenth century, the sonnet had been adopted throughout Europe.   

The English sonnet of the Elizabethan age: end-rhymed, three quatraines and a couplet, ABAB CDCD EFEF GG; the third quatrain or final couplet introduces a new emphasis, the volta; usually iambic pentameter, possibly with trochaic variation and femine endings.  The "Shakespeare Sonnet" is so-called not as an attribution of invention, but because Shakespeare was a popular practioner of the English sonnet.

The sonnets of this sequence are structured as follows:


1 ABABCDCDDEDEFF
2 ABABCDCDEFEFGG (Shakespeare)
3 ABABCDCDEFEFGG (Shakespeare)
4 ABABCDCDEFEFGG (Shakespeare)
5 ABABCDCDEFEFGG (Shakespeare)
6 ABABCDCDEFEFGG (Shakespeare)
7 ABABCDCDEFEFGG (Shakespeare)
8 ABA BCD CDEFEFGG (Shakespeare)
9 ABABCDCDEFEFGG (Shakespeare)
10 ABABCDCDEFEF GG (Shakespeare)
11 ABABCDCDEFEFGG (Shakespeare)
12 ABCBDDABDBDDFF
13 ABABCDCDEFEFGG (Shakespeare)
14 ABABCDCDEFEFGG (Shakespeare)
15 ABABCDCDEFEFGG (Shakespeare)
16 ABABCDCDEFEFGG (Shakespeare)
17 ABABCDCDEFEFGG (Shakespeare)
18 ABABCDCDEFEFGG (Shakespeare)
19 ABABCDCDEFEFGG (Shakespeare)
20 ABAB CDCD EFEF GG (Shakespeare)
21 ABDCEFEDCBAFF
22 ABCDEFG FEDCBA GG
23 A BC DEF F ED C BAA
24 ABA B CDCD EFEF GG (Shakespeare)
25 ABCDEFFEDC BAA
26 ABCDEFFEDCBAA
27 ABCDEFEDC BAFF
28 ABC DEF EF DCB AA
29 ABCDEFEF DCB AA
30 A/BCBCACBCBCAC DD
31 ABCDEDEDCB A AA
32 ABCDEFEFDCB AA
33 ABCD EFEFD CBA GG
34 ABC DEFEFDCBAGG
35 ABCDEFE FDCBAA
36 ABCD EEDCB A FF
37 ABCD EFEF DCBAGG
38 ABC DEFF EDCBAGG
39 ABCD EFFEDBCAA
40 ABCDEF F EDCBAGG
41 ABCDBEBDCBA EE
42 ABCDEFFEDBCAA
43 ABCDEFFEDBCAA
44 ABCDEFEFDCB AA
45 ABCDEFEF DCBAA
46 ABCDE FEFD CBAA
47 ABCDEFEFDCBAGG
48 ABCDEFEFDCBAGG
49 ABC DEAEA DCBAFF
50 ABCD EAEA DCBAFF
51 ABCDEFE FDCBAA
52 ABCD EDE DCBA FF
53 ABCDEFEFDC BAA
54 ABCDEFEFDC BAA
55 ABCDEF EFDCBAA
56 ABCDEFE FDCBAA
57 ABCDEFEFDCBAA
58 ABCDEFE FD CBAA
59 ABCD EFEFD CBAA
60 ABCDEFEF DCBAA
61 ABCDEFAFED BCA
62 A BCDEFAEFD CBA
63 ABCDEFAEFDC AB
64 ABCDEFAEFDCBA
65 ABCDEFAEFDCBA
66 ABCDEFAEFDCBA
67 ABCDEFAEFDCBA
68 ABCDEFAEFD CBA



 

 

 

 

 

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